According to Dr. Timbreza, the following are what makes Filipino Logic (mode of reasoning to differentiate from the formal study of reasoning) distinct and unique.
1. It is metaphorical rather than literal in its formulations. Filipinos have not devised a system of definition. Instead, they use connotative to clarify their meanings. In effect they use metaphors, analogies, similes etc.
2. It is concrete rather than abstract.
3. It is personal rather than impersonal. hence often subjective and psychological. Filipino reasoning is person-and family- oriented.
4. It is practical and socio-ethical rather than theoretical and cognitive, Filipino thinking is generally moralistic. It pertains more to human relationships and moral actions than to metaphysical speculations. (Maybe one of the reasons why there are Filipino philosophers who doubted whether there could be a Filipino philosophy because we generally have no fancy notions about reality unlike the west whose pilosophies are abstract and explores areas like ontology, cosmology, and all the other-ologies.)
5. It tends to be particular than universal.
6.It is more rhetorical and functional than logical and empirical.
7. It is more theological.
Generally speaking, all these attributes of Filipino logic would make it illogical or non-logical compared to western logic. The way we reason violates almost all the rules of correct reasoning (i.e. formal logic), but it does not in nay way make our thinking invalid as compared to the western systems because however illogocial or non logical it may seem, our reasoning works for us-abstraction will not do us any good, we are a practical people.